Following the new Prime Minister’s July 8th tweet pledging support for those facing persecution Open Doors UK and Ireland CEO Henrietta Blyth said: “I am delighted that Boris Johnson said that he would ‘prioritise protecting religious freedoms’ as Prime Minister and that he ‘would stand up for those facing persecution’. I look forward to seeing quick action to deliver greater protection for religious minorities.”
“Open Doors is committed to working with all politicians to ensure that real and meaningful change is delivered to persecuted Christians through the implementation of the recommendations of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s review into the persecution of Christians abroad.”
Open Doors’ three recommendations to the UK government are:
1. Pursue progress - Identify key priority countries
2. Keep focused - Make the PM's special Envoy on FoRB a permanent role
3. Involve local communities - Local faith leaders are key players in development.
“The new Prime Minister’s commitment to improving the situation for persecuted minorities along with the shadow Foreign Office minister Liz McInnes voicing the shadow cabinet’s support for the reviews shows that a political consensus is already emerging around this issue.” continued Henrietta Blyth.
The opposition called on the Foreign Office to recognise priority countries where Christians are persecuted, noting the need to increase capacity to deal with this issue in Nigeria and for the role of PM’s envoy on freedom of religion or belief to be made a permanent and an expanded role – two out of the three recommendations made by Open Doors.
The review used evidence from the Open Doors World Watch List, the annual ranking of the top 50 countries where it is most difficult to be a Christian. Open Doors also submitted detailed evidence about persecution of Christians in specific countries and situations.
NOTE TO EDITORS:
Open Doors’ three policy asks of the UK government
Open Doors UK and Ireland is part of Open Doors International, a global NGO network which has supported and strengthened persecuted Christians in over 60 countries for over 60 years. The organisation’s UK Advocacy Department is well-known within the UK Parliament and is in regular contact with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Department for International Development and the Prime Minister’s office.
In light of Open Doors’ on-the ground experience and policy expertise, there are three pillars which the organisation believes the UK government needs in place if it is to become a centre of global excellence in supporting Christians and other religious minorities the world over. The UK government needs focus, long-term thinking and a mainstreaming approach to this issue:
- Mainstreaming religion at the FCO and DfID will assist the departments in their wider goals
- Focusing on countries where it believes it can have the most impact is key
- A long-term approach by institutionalising and developing further the role of the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy on Freedom of Religion or Belief is essential
The FCO and DfID’s wider targets will be greatly impacted if religion is recognised as a highly significant factor which delineates the lives of the majority of those the departments are serving. The Western and secular framing of development is not sufficient for a highly religious world:
- Local faith actors take a ‘whole-person approach’ and provide spiritual capital as well as social and financial capital to a community. In a world where over 80% of people believe in a god, this unique and intangible resource offers distinctive support to victims because it understands these people’s needs and how faith is intrinsically linked with people’s identity and sense of purpose. This is particularly key for those needing trauma care.
- Local faith actors remain in places which are too dangerous for aid agencies or other institutions to remain. Churches are situated in the community and are influential in the lives of those who are associated with the church or its wider ministries. In light of this, local faith actors should be understood as a resource which, with support from DfID, should be utilised in development work.
- Religion should be identified as a factor of vulnerability in any assessment made in DfID programming. As was noted in a 2019 statement by the US Administration, FCO and Wilton Park which brought together FoRB experts and practitioners with FCO civil servants and political actors: ‘The intersection between the chaos of crisis and religious minority status dramatically increases vulnerabilities, yet assistance providers to date have been slow to recognise the significance of religion as a factor.’
Nigeria is a key country where the Foreign and Commonwealth Office should focus. Of the countries in the top 15 of Open Doors’ World Watch List, which outlines the 50 most dangerous countries in the world to live as a Christian, this is a country with egregious levels of violence against Christians with Open Doors reporting over 3,000 Christians killed on the basis of their faith in the country in 2018 alone. However, it is also a country which has a good and constructive relationship with the UK and hence there is opportunity for engagement on this issue. If the FCO was to properly come alongside the government and civil service of Nigeria and to prioritise engagement on FoRB in this way, investing the necessary levels of resources, a real difference could be made over time. If this strategy simply highlights misdemeanours it will not work, but if it offers constructive support it could lead to real fruitful change over time.
The FoRB team at the FCO should work alongside the Nigeria desk as consultants, bringing in NGOs and other experts to identify the areas where capacity for FoRB can be inbuilt and in doing so religious literacy at country level will also increase. The All Party Parliamentary Group on Freedom of Religion or Belief and its vast list of stakeholder organisations could also bring real expertise as well as challenge to this process.
In July 2018 the Prime Minister appointed a Special Envoy for Freedom of Religion or Belief in Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon with the remit to ‘promote the UK’s firm stance on religious tolerance abroad, helping to tackle religious discrimination in countries where minority faith groups face persecution’. Having an individual looking at this issue as a priority has been extremely useful to organisations such as Open Doors and hence its continuation is key. However, there is also space for the role to evolve. Future special envoys should:
- Have increased capacity so that good quality research and relations with expert NGOs can be better developed
- The special envoy should be involved in discussions with the Department for International Trade around trade agreements post-brexit to ensure that freedom of religion or belief is at the heart of any deal. There is precedent for a trade agreement being used as a carrot by the European Union for the safe release of Asia Bibi in Pakistan and hence the envoy should be charged with considering where else this method could be used post-brexit.
- Now that the persecution of Christians has been recognised as a crucial issue by the Truro review, an individual with the specific role of working on the persecution of Christians should be appointed within the envoy’s team.
- The envoy should produce an annual report highlighting the difference the role has made and where the envoy believes greater work can be done on freedom of religion or belief in the following year by both their office and the UK government more widely. In doing this, the envoy should clearly outline the office’s priority areas and themes for the year ahead.
- UK diplomatic posts around the world should be required to send an annual review of the situation for Christians and other religious minorities in their countries to the envoy. This would provide insightful information for the envoy with which the envoy can work to consider how the situation may be improved. This would also be a good exercise for ambassadors and embassy staff to go through on an annual basis.