Bangladesh

World Watch ranking: 31
Map thumbnail
Leader
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

How many Christians?
903,000 (0.5%)

Main threats
  • Dictatorial paranoia
  • Islamic oppression

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How many Christians are there in Bangladesh?

Only a very small percentage of Bangladesh is Christian – around 903,000 from a population of almost 170 million.

How are Christians persecuted in Bangladesh?

Bangladeshi society is growing increasingly Islamic, with the government doing more to appease concerns from Muslim hardliners. Islamic extremists in the country pressure all groups of Christians. Evangelistic churches that work among the Muslim majority face the most persecution, but even historical churches like the Roman Catholic Church are increasingly faced with attacks and death-threats. ;

Converts from a Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist or an tribal background suffer the most severe restrictions, discrimination and attacks in Bangladesh. They often gather in small house churches or secret groups due to fear of attack.

Tribal Christians, like those from the Santal people group, face an increasing double vulnerability (belonging to both an ethnic and religious minority) and struggle with land-grabbing issues and violence directed against them. Christians among the Muslim-majority Rohingya people, who fled to Bangladesh from Myanmar, also face harassment and strong pressure from their community. Last year, they were the target of a violent attack by extremist Muslim groups.

Meet 'Badol'

“After I accepted Jesus Christ, I was a little bit scared that the Muslim villagers would not want to do anything with me. And now no one wants to talk, communicate or associate with us.” Badol

What’s life like for Christians in Bangladesh?

Badol (name changed) became a church leader after receiving biblical training through Open Doors partners. In his Muslim-majority community, he knew that becoming a Christian and expressing his faith openly would make things difficult. He was worried that his Muslim neighbours wouldn’t accept his family after their conversion – and, sadly, he was right: “No one wants to talk, communicate or associate with us,” he says.

Across Bangladesh, this is a common story. Christians who have converted from another religion – usually Islam – suffer the most severe persecution. Often, they must worship in secret, for fear of attack. Or, like Badol’s family, they are ostracised when they choose not to take part in other religious festivals.

During the pandemic, Badol and his family have been denied vital food and aid when distributed by local authorities, because of their faith. “I had no work for around two months and it was really difficult to meet the needs of my family,” says Badol. “We live hand to mouth, so no work means no food.”

But thankfully Open Doors partners have been able to help: “For the first time, I received relief,” says Badol. “I am very happy!”

Is it getting harder to be a Christian in Bangladesh?

At number 31 on the 2021 World Watch List, Bangladesh has risen by seven places – and 17 places since 2018. This is because of increases in persecution in both public and private life. In many aspects of daily life, pressure has tightened for Bangladeshi Christians, and they experience discrimination and persecution.

There have also been violent attacks against Christians. In spring last year, there was a violent incident against the tiny Christian community among the Rohingya refugee community that fled Myanmar for Bangladesh.

Additionally, there is some worry that the government—ruled by a single party that ran unopposed in the most recent elections—is increasingly discriminating against Christians in its efforts to appease Islamic extremists. In many anecdotal situations, Christians were left out of Covid-19 government relief, often facing starvation or severe health issues.

How can I help Christians in Bangladesh?

Please keep praying for your brothers and sisters in Bangladesh. Your gifts and prayers make an enormous difference to those following Jesus no matter the cost.

Open Doors works with local churches to strengthen persecuted believers in Bangladesh through training, Bible distribution, literacy and socio-economic development projects, and emergency aid. 

please pray

God, we pray for the Christians of Bangladesh, coming from so many tribes, tongues and nations. We know You are the God of all people, and that You knit us together as one Church. We ask that You would be the comfort of Your people in Bangladesh. Keep them safe, and help them to grow in faith, hope and love as they seek Your face. Amen.

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